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Monitoring of near-Earth space and space weather is a vital problem of international scale, solving which is necessary to prevent a wide range of threats – from the failure of ground-based and orbital equipment to existential risks for humanity. A collision of even a small body with a satellite in geostationary orbit can lead to a chain reaction of destruction. An impact of even a small asteroid (such as the Chelyabinsk meteorite) with the Earth can lead to human casualties and serious destruction. Space weather factors can damage satellites and cause vast disruptions to Earth’s power systems. With the increasing dependence of mankind on functioning of spacecraft electronic systems, increasing areas occupied by spacecraft in space, as well as increasing numbers of space debris in near-Earth space, risks also become higher. Accurate forecasting and timely notification concerning near-miss events of artificial satellites, approaches of comets and asteroids to the Earth, and onsets of periods of hazardous space weather can significantly reduce these risks through the development of response methods and technologies.

For Kazakhstan, as an operator of its own satellite groups of KazSat and KazEoSat series with the plans of further spacecraft development, a country with 9-th greatest area, and the cradle of the cosmonautics, having its own SSA system is of strategic significance. In 2021 Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute, jointly with the Institute of Ionosphere, launched a program, funded by the Aerospace Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan, to develop the National System for Space Situational Awareness (SSA).

This online resource serves as an access point to SSA data and services. You can query the data in a flexible way using API.

(C) Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute